Thirty-Nine Spider Species Common to North Carolina
While only two dangerously poisonous spiders species make the list, the Spiders US database defines thirty-nine types of spiders established as common to North Carolina. Both poisonous species, the black widow and the brown recluse, range widely across the state. Black widow bites often cause severe neurological issues. Brown recluse bites typically result in necrosis of the victim’s tissue where it surrounds the site of the bite. In extreme cases, a bite from either of these two spider types can result in death.
However, be warned: just because a certain spider species is not common to regional Charlotte, NC, that does not mean a species can’t be present and dangerous to local residents. Spiders are not bound by the territorial restrictions established by any given spider distribution database. Transportation outside a known range of habitat is as easy as hitching a ride in a car, on luggage or even in the clothing of traveling humans.
How Dangerous Are North Carolina House Spiders?
The concept of danger from a spider bite must extend beyond the possibility of a bite by a black widow or a brown recluse. Fact is: when biting a victim or prey, most spiders inject venom. Technically this makes nearly all spiders “poisonous.” However, a typical spider bite only has the significance of a wasp sting. That said, while not of major concern to the average person, any spider bite can trigger allergic reactions in susceptible victims. This is often a risk more prominent in hypersensitive individuals, younger children and seniors well up in years.
On the plus side: In general, regional Charlotte and other NC residents typically experience serious threat only from the black widow and the brown recluse. Furthermore: Most spider bites are accidental in nature – a response to human disturbance of a spider in its nest or web; spiders would rather keep to themselves.
Some spider species craft elaborate webs. Others dwell beneath rocks, wood and other outdoor shelters. They might build tubular tunnels from which they ambush prey. However, according to the NC State University Department of Entomology, spider species that operate from a loose collection of webbing are those most likely to invade your Charlotte regional home. This spider type hides by day and hunts by night.
In the long run, spiders have an undeserved reputation as being excessively dangerous to humans or pets. In reality, these creatures are mostly beneficial to exterior human endeavors. The operative word here is “exterior.” Even though spiders in your North Carolina house may not present an excessive health risk, they are not something most homeowners desire to see.
North Carolina House Spiders, a Biology of Spiders
Although sometimes thought of as insects, spiders are actually arachnids- relatives of mites, scorpions and ticks. The biology of spiders consists of two body sections and eight legs. The cephalothorax, or front body section, includes the eyes, legs and mouthparts. The abdomen, or second section, contains the spider’s digestive, reproductive and respiratory system. Typical means for spider identification includes body size, eye count and eye arrangement, and the coloring of the spider’s body.
How to Reduce Your Chances of Getting Bitten By a Spider
As noted, North Carolina house spiders are rarely dangerous. Yet avoiding a bite is far better than risking an allergic reaction or the possibility of encountering a deadly black widow, brown recluse or some accidentally imported high-risk spider. The following tips can help you reduce your changes of becoming a spider bite victim:
- Investigate with care those places most likely to house spiders
- Avoid bare hands in dark corners
- Wear work gloves and long sleeved shirts
- Beware of stored boxes, firewood, clothing and shoes left long-time undisturbed
- Shake, rattle and check before wearing seldom-used clothing and shoes
- Practice DIY or get professional monthly pest control management.
Response to a Spider Bite
Although not typically a major concern, the bite from a North Carolina house spider can be dangerous, even deadly. If you suspect that you have been bitten by a black widow, a brown recluse, or some accidentally imported highly poisonous spider species, immediately:
- Ice down the flesh around the bite and then seek emergency medical assistance
- Likewise, if you experience an allergic reaction to any type of spider bite
- AND, if possible, bring in the suspect spider for positive identification.
If symptoms are not serious but you still desire positive spider identification, the Charlotte regional Cooperative Extension office will do identification for free. Likewise, you can contact Carolina Pest Management. Get rid of North Carolina house spiders, ants, termites, cockroaches, bed bugs, fleas and ticks, rodents, wildlife and more. Call a company that believes in natural pest control with organic pest management options on all fronts. Finding spiders living inside your home makes for uncomfortable living quarters. Sign up for our quarterly service plan and receive $15 off your initial general pest service.